Cardiology is a subspecialty of internal medicine. Physicians who specialize in cardiology focus on the functioning of the heart, blood vessels and circulation of blood throughout the body. Called cardiologists, these specialized physicians prevent, diagnose and treat conditions related to the heart, blood vessels and circulation system in adult patients. A cardiologist's skills are necessary in the comprehensive diagnosis and treatment of the heart and circulatory system.
A critical care physician is an internal medicine physician who has additional fellowship training in the areas of pulmonary and critical care medicine. Critically ill patients require intensive care by a coordinated team of health care providers. The critical care specialist—also called an intensivist—must be competent in a broad range of conditions typically seen in critically ill patients, as well as knowledgeable with the technological procedures and devices used in the intensive care hospital setting. Because the care of critically ill patients involves complicated ethical and social issues, the critical care specialist must also be competent in the areas of end-of-life decisions, advance directives, estimating prognosis of patients, and counseling of patients and their families.
An endocrinologist is an internal medicine physician who has additional training in conditions specific to the tissues and major glands that make up the body's endocrine system, including the pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroids, thymus, adrenals, pancreas, ovaries, and testes. Endocrinologists treat a varying range of functions and disorders of the human body such as diabetes, thyroid disorders, infertility, metabolism, glandular cancers, growth hormone deficiency, genetic dysfunction, heart disease, osteoporosis, obesity and hormonal imbalances. An endocrinologist's skills are needed for complicated disorders, such as uncontrolled diabetes, thyroid cancer, pituitary dysfunction, familial endocrine and auto-immune diseases.
Family medicine is the medical specialty that provides continuing and comprehensive health care for the individual and family. Family medicine encompasses all ages, both sexes, each organ system and every disease entity. Family medicine physicians are often referred to as the "primary care" physician on a patient's health care team.
Serving as the primary or principal providers of health care in outpatient and/or inpatient settings, general internists handle the broad and comprehensive spectrum of illnesses that affect adults. They are recognized as experts in diagnosis, in treatment of chronic illness, and in health promotion and disease prevention, and are not limited to any one type of medical problem or organ system.
An infectious disease specialist is an internal medicine physician with special training in the diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. Infectious disease specialists diagnose and treat infections of the sinuses, heart, brain, lungs, urinary tract, bowel, bones and pelvic organs. Many infectious disease physicians focus their skills on treating patients with infections resulting from HIV/AIDS. Infectious disease specialists are consulted when an infection is potentially serious or the cause of the infection is unknown.
Also called family therapy, marriage and family therapy is an area of behavioral science that works with families and/or couples to foster and nurture change and development among its members as part of the family unit. Marriage and family therapy emphasizes relationships as important factors in an individual's psychological health. Marriage and Family Therapists, or MFTs, are trained to evaluate, diagnose and treat individuals, couples, families and groups to build satisfying and productive relationships. They treat mental, emotional and behavioral concerns for individuals, couples and families.
*Located in the Mercer Family Therapy Center in the Sheffield Medical Building, Suite 107, at 1938 Peachtree Road in Atlanta, Georgia.
Nephrologists are internal medicine physicians with specialized training in the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases. They also diagnose and treat the diseases that can lead to kidney failure, such as diabetes mellitus and polycystic kidney disease. A patient is typically referred to a nephrologist when protein or blood is found in their urine, or if the patient is experiencing severely high blood pressure, kidney stones, renal insufficiency or kidney failure.
Psychiatry is a specialty that involves the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders, emotional disorders, psychotic disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, substance-related disorders, sexual and gender identity disorders, and adjustment disorders. Psychiatrists may use diagnostic laboratory tests, prescribed medications, evaluation and treatment of psychological and interpersonal problems with individuals and families, and intervention for coping with stress, crises and other problems as tools in their practice. Subspecialties in psychiatry include: addiction psychiatry, brain injury medicine, child and adolescent psychiatry, clinical neurophysiology, forensic psychiatry, geriatric psychiatry, hospice and palliative medicine, pain medicine, psychosomatic medicine, and sleep medicine.
Psychology is a doctoral-level profession. Psychologists study both normal and abnormal functioning and treat patients with mental and emotional problems. They also study and encourage behaviors that build wellness and emotional resilience in their patients.
Pulmonologists are internal medicine physicians with special training in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the lungs and bronchial tubes, including the upper respiratory tract (nose, pharynx and throat), as well as the heart. Pulmonologists often treat conditions and diseases such pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema and complicated chest infections. A patient is typically referred to a pulmonologist when they have complex pulmonary problems, including emphysema, tuberculosis, asthma, complicated chest infections, pulmonary complications associated with AIDS, and injury.
Physicians specializing in Sports Medicine are primarily concerned with the emergency assessment and care of acutely injured athletes, as well as the diagnosis, treatment and management of common sports injuries and illnesses, the management of medical problems of the athlete, rehabilitation of ill and injured athletes, and exercise as treatment.